Interdisciplinary Reproduction & Health Group Science Seminar – Dec. 6, 2023
The goal of the Interdisciplinary Reproduction & Health Group (IRHD) Seminar Series is to highlight transdisciplinary precision research taking place in the reproductive health field, provide opportunities for collaboration among researchers to build their own research efforts and promote clinical/researcher activity across the University of Missouri System and our partners.
The IRHG was organized and established through a faculty-driven, grass roots effort in 2016 to develop an integrative interdisciplinary program that transcends traditional departmental, college and system boundaries to foster excellence in reproduction, health research and education at Mizzou.
View all upcoming Reproductive Health events on the IRHD Seminar Series website.
For questions about this event, please reach out to Wipawee Winuthayanon.
Strategies for Targeted Manipulation of Uteroplacental Function in Pregnancy
Speaker: Lynda K. Harris, PhD, Associate Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Nebraska College of Medicine
Date: Dec. 6, 2023, 4:00-5:00 p.m.
Location: Roy Blunt NextGen Precision Health Building, Atkins Family Seminar Room
In-person and virtual option
- Light snack will be provided in person. All are welcome!
- Attend virtually in Zoom with ID 969 5309 4849 and passcode 422673.
About the Speaker
In pregnancy, the placenta is the key regulator of normal fetal growth and development. In the Western world, placental dysfunction is a major underlying cause of the pregnancy complications pre-eclampsia, fetal growth restriction and stillbirth. The term “placental dysfunction” is used to describe a range of anatomical, physiological, metabolic and endocrine alterations, which can occur in isolation, or in combination. Thus, to develop effective medicines to treat placental dysfunction, we need to identify a range of different compounds to treat the different phenotypes of placental dysfunction observed. For example, some placentas do not grow adequately, and have a small surface area for nutrient exchange. Others may be of an appropriate size, but their blood vessels may not function correctly, resulting in abnormal delivery of blood (and therefore nutrients and oxygen) to the developing baby. Others may show signs of immune cell infiltration, inflammation or oxidative damage, which can affect normal cell signaling pathways, cell metabolism and production of key hormones, growth factors and cytokines. Ongoing studies are working to identify drug compounds that are can be used to treat these different aspects of placental dysfunction, but that are also safe for use in pregnancy.
A major reason for the lack of medicines available to treat pregnancy complications is because of the potential risk of causing harm to the developing baby. As most medicines can cross the placenta and reach the fetal circulation, the pharmaceutical industry often exclude pregnant individuals from clinical trials, for fear of drugs causing developmental abnormalities, deformities, or other side effects in the fetus. Because of this, we lack important safety data for many medicines in pregnancy, and no specific medicines exist to treat pregnancy complications or placental dysfunction. This leaves medical professionals reliant on patient monitoring, treating symptoms e.g. high blood pressure, and early delivery of the baby if its condition deteriorates. To address this issue, my laboratory has identified a series of placental homing peptides, which selectively bind to the surface of the placenta in mice, non-human primates and humans, but do not accumulate in any other organs. We have used these peptides to develop biocompatible, targeted nanoparticles to selectively deliver drugs to the placenta, preventing fetal drug transfer and reducing drug effects in the maternal circulation. Ongoing studies are optimizing nanoparticle design, quantifying the benefits of targeted drug delivery versus systemic drug delivery, and collecting important safety data.
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are short, non-coding RNA sequences that regulate multiple downstream signaling pathways. Placental growth and function are regulated by a variety of miRNAs, both in healthy pregnancy and in fetal growth restriction (FGR). We have used our novel placental homing peptides to create homing peptide-miRNA inhibitor conjugates, and demonstrated their ability to promote growth signaling in human placental explants and in a mouse model of FGR. These conjugates are made from synthetic peptide nucleic acids, which cannot be degraded in the human body and are therefore inherently stable. The addition of a placental homing peptide ensures that the conjugates are selectively delivered to the placental surface, where they spontaneously internalize into placental cells, overcoming previous problems associated with transfection of DNA or RNA-based gene therapies. Our current work aims to identify miRNAs which regulate key aspects of placental function and can be exploited as therapeutic targets. Homing peptide-miRNA mimetics or inhibitors can then be created to manipulate these miRNAs, improving placental function by targeted manipulation of placental gene expression. This work addresses the urgent need for safe and effective small molecule interventions to treat placental dysfunction and FGR.